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​​​​​​​​​​The way you use your appliances on a day- to- day basis can have a big effect on how much electricity they use.

Air Condition:

  1. Close your windows, doors and other openings when the air-conditioner is in use.
  2. Try not to install the air conditioner in a position subject to direct sunlight. If it is, cover it with a shade or an umbrella.
  3. Avoid obstructing the airtight inlets and outlets.
  4. Turn off unneeded lights and heat producing appliances to reduce air-conditioning load.
  5. Do not set your air conditioning thermostat at the coldest level. Just set the cooling to the temperature that you feel comfortable.
  6. Use ventilation fan instead of air conditioners where possible.​


  1. Clean fans regularly.
  2. Switch off the fan when it is unnecessary.

Water Heater:

Heating up water requires large amounts of electricity; significant savings can be made in the following ways:

  1. Choose the right size of water heater for your family.
  2. Switch off the water heater after use.
  3.  Switch on the water heater a short while before use.
  4. Take a shower instead of a bath. It may cut costs by two-thirds.
  5.  Use cold water where hot water is not absolutely necessary.​


  1. Choose the right size pan. The base of the pan should match the size of the cooker ring.
  2.  Put lids on pans and turn down the heat when food starts to boil. There is no need to boil vegetables vigorously, turn the ring to a gentle simmer.
  3.  Try not to use too much water; most items are best cooked in just enough water to cover them.
  4. Food can be cooked more quickly if it is cut into small pieces.
  5.  A pressure cooker speeds up cooking times, saves energy, maintains goodness and generates less water vapour in the kitchen.
  6.  Cook small items like chops under the grill rather than in the oven.
  7.  It is more efficient to use a toaster rather than a grill when making toast.
  8.  When using an electric kettle boil only as much water as you need. Make sure the element is always covered.
  9.  Microwave ovens are useful for cooking, defrosting or heating food. They use much less energy than conventional ovens.
  10. Cooking with gas rather than electricity is a better use of resources and usually costs less.

Fridges and freezers:

  1. Put your fridge or freezer in a cool place, away from cookers or heaters.
  2.  For best operation, position your fridge so that air can circulate around the heat exchanger at the back.
  3.  Do not leave a fridge or freezer door open for longer than necessary.
  4. Allow any cooked food to cool before putting it in the fridge or freezer.
  5.  Combined fridge/freezers with one compressor use less electricity than two separate units.
  6.  Defrost your freezer regularly. The ice should never be more than quarter of an inch or 6mm thick around the icebox.
  7.  Freezers should be kept at least three-quarters full at all times.
  8.  Modern frost-free fridge-freezers use considerably more electricity than conventional designs.

Washing machine:

  1. Ensure you have a full load before using your washing machine. If this is impractical, use the half loads or economy programme.
  2. Use a minimum temperature (40C) wash and economy programmes whenever possible.
  3.  Use the washing machine in off peak hours (2:00 am – 1:00 pm and 5:00 pm – 10:00 pm)


  1. Iron your clothes while they are still slightly damp.
  2.  Steam irons use more power than dry ones.
  3.  Ensure the iron is switched off as soon as you finish ironing.


  1. Lighting in the home typically accounts for 10 - 15% of electricity usage. The use of low energy lamps can provide significant electricity savings. Low energy lamps are miniature fluorescent tubes, which are designed to replace ordinary light bulbs.
  2. They are made in a variety of shapes, sizes and ratings so they should be selected to suit the fitting and the space available.
  3.  A low energy lamp uses about a fifth of the electricity of an equivalent ordinary light bulb which means they can save you some money

TV and other equipment:

  • You will save electricity if you avoid leaving your equipment left on in standby mode. If nobody is watching TV, turn it off. Don›t use it as a source of background music.